Marine vegetation strategies

An aerial view of mangrove and saltmarsh habitats in the lower Richmond River estuary near Ballina

Mangrove and saltmarsh habitats in the lower Richmond River estuary near Ballina, NSW. Photo by: Patrick Dwyer


Mangroves and saltmarsh are coastal habitats adapted to the rise and fall of tides. They provide important benefits by:

  • providing habitat and a food source for animals within estuaries
  • protecting shorelines from erosion and storm damage
  • filtering the water
  • storing carbon.

This action will look for ways to help mangroves and saltmarsh cope with threats to their survival. Some of the key threats to mangroves and saltmarsh include:

  • rising sea levels
  • land clearing and draining
  • stock grazing
  • four-wheel driving.

This action will:

  • focus on current and future threats to mangroves and saltmarshes in the Richmond and Tweed estuaries
  • identify priority areas for the protection of healthy mangrove and saltmarsh areas and rehabilitation of degraded areas
  • reduce red tape for low-risk works required to maintain public infrastructure.



  • Identify areas where mangroves can be trimmed to maintain safety clearances.
  • Prioritise estuaries for future strategies.

Richmond and Tweed estuaries

  • Develop marine vegetation strategies.

Lead agency

Department of Primary Industries - Fisheries (DPI-F)


To find out more, contact:

Emma Asbridge -

Patrick Dwyer -

Page last updated/reviewed: 02 Apr 2020